Because of a lapse in government funding, the information on this website may not be up to date, transactions submitted via the website may not be processed, and the agency may not be able to respond to inquiries until appropriations are enacted.
The NIH Clinical Center (the research hospital of NIH) is open. For more details about its operating status, please visit
Updates regarding government operating status and resumption of normal operations can be found at


Implementation of a statewide, standardized infection prevention initiative reduced rates of catheter-associated urinary tract infections by 25%

Summary: More frequent use of standardized preventive practices to reduce unnecessary catheter use  in Michigan reduced the rate of urinary catheter associated infections in hospitals by 25% over a one-year time-period. 

Saint S, Greene MT, Kowalski CP, Watson SR, Hofer TP, Krein SL. 2013. Preventing catheter-associated urinary tract infection in the United States: a national comparative study. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 May 27;173(10):874-9. PMID: 23529579