NINR recently highlighted five NINR-funded studies on its website. These studies include:
- Patients with Incurable Lung Cancer Benefit from Early Integrated Palliative and Oncology Care: Findings from this study show a significant positive impact when palliative care clinicians have discussions with patients who have incurable cancer.
- Opioid Treatment May Affect the Rate of Healing in Chronic Wounds: This study’s results indicate that patients receiving higher opioid doses due to larger wound size or painful comorbidities had slower wound healing compared to those receiving lower doses or no opioids.
- Sense of Smell: A Potential Dementia Screening Tool for Elderly Black and White American Adults: This study found that poor olfaction was significantly associated with risk for dementia among whites; an association was also seen among blacks. The findings indicate that olfactory identification may be a useful dementia screening tool among black and white American adults.
- Isolation of Patients with Multidrug-resistant Organism Infections Used Infrequently in Nursing Homes: This analysis revealed that patient isolation was infrequently used in nursing homes with residents infected with multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs), and that many nursing homes had no isolation for MDRO-infected patients.
- Initial Hospitalization for Sepsis Associated with Death or Hospice Care During Hospital Readmission: This analysis identified sepsis and shock as risk factors during index hospitalization associated with in-hospital death or transition to hospice care during later hospital readmission. Infection was also frequently implicated as the cause of a readmission that ended in death.
For more information, please visit www.ninr.nih.gov/researchandfunding/researchhighlights.