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Featured Research

NINR-supported researchers explore and address some of the most important challenges affecting the health of the American people. The highlights below feature research accomplishments from the community of NINR-supported scientists across the United States.

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Motivated by her work as a trauma nurse, Dr. Sara Jacoby’s NINR-funded dissertation used ethnography to explore the experience and perceptions of Black patients with traumatic injuries.
University of Michigan’s Dr. Hsieh discusses her NINR-supported research on firearm injury prevention among Asian Americans and the potential of nursing research to address health inequities in firearm injury.
Firmly grounded in the belief that health outcomes must be contextualized, Dr. Hudson Santos is exploring whether a community-driven intervention that addresses social determinants of health can improve obesity-related outcomes among immigrant Latina mothers and their children.
The United States is facing a maternal health crisis, yet few interventions successfully address the racial disparities that drive maternal health outcomes. In her NINR-funded research, Dr. Madelyne Greene is exploring whether a nurse-led prenatal care coordination intervention has the potential to meaningfully reduce these disparities.
This NINR-funded study examined the contribution of neighborhood characteristics to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive symptom severity in Black males following serious injury.
This study, funded jointly by NINR and NIA, investigated potential differences in vaccine hesitancy based on demographics and other factors among NYC essential public transportation workers who were union members at the time. The study data was collected in August 2020, before vaccines were available.
As an NINR-supported nurse researcher, Dr. Hyekyun Rhee partnered with Dr. Mark Bocko, distinguished professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of Rochester, to develop the Automated Device for Asthma Monitoring (ADAM).
Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) is often used to understand community perspectives and address challenging issues including health inequities caused by structural racism. Much of the existing literature emphasizes relationships and synergy between academic researchers and community partners rather than structural components of CBPR.
Psychological stress during pregnancy has been associated with poor maternal outcomes in the perinatal period, including anxiety and postpartum depression. Research also indicates that nature, including access to green space in urban areas and tree canopy, improves general health, maternal mental health, and pregnancy outcomes.
Mental health disparities disproportionately impact sexual and gender minorities, including a significantly increased risk of suicidality. Evidence suggests that the suicide-related disparities observed in transgender adults begins in adolescence.
Over one-third of youth are considered overweight or obese, with minority and low-income youth at greatest risk for obesity and related diseases. Increasing physical activity levels has been shown to positively impact youth weight status, cardiorespiratory fitness, metabolic health, and body composition.
Having more nurses can increase patient safety and improve quality of care, yet hospitals often differ in the number of nurses they have per patient. A recent study, funded in part by NINR, examined variation in patient-to-nurse staffing in NY hospitals and its association with adverse outcomes (i.e., mortality and avoidable costs).
Researchers explored the association between return to work and mental health outcomes in Black men living and recovering from serious traumatic injuries in Philadelphia. The study, funded in part by NINR, found that men who did not return to work after a serious traumatic injury had almost three times the odds of poor mental health when compared to men who did return to work.
Severe maternal morbidity (SMM) has increased in the United States by 45% in the last decade. While the recurrence of several adverse pregnancy outcomes from one pregnancy to the next has been established, the recurrence risk of SMM is unknown.

The CAPABLE program aims to remove barriers and empower low-income older adults to live in the place of their choice as they age.